In Kiribati, distance education is not yet formally integrated into the school system. Perhaps if an Open Schooling is introduced in the School system of Kiribati, the Kiribati Government may also adopt its Free Education Policy in the Open Schooling System. This means Open Schooling will be free to all learners. As such, the Kiribati Government will commit itself to ensure that Open Schooling is successfully implemented to achieve the goal of Free Education Policy. Therefore the Free Education Policy will be reflected in the funding system. Obviously, there are two major sources of funding system that are actually practiced:
Recurrent Budget - This is a funding source where an Open Schooling can be included as part of the annual recurrent budget of the Kiribati Government. The Government will provide subsidies to open schools in the form of school fees for learners who are studying online subjects offered by open schools.
Development Budget - Another source of funding where the Government will fund an Open Schooling from the development budget through development partners’ financial supports. Development partners will help to finance the Infrastructure of open schools in order to be well established with ICT, technology, power, classrooms and internet.
In the part of Nigeria where my school is situated, sources of funding for open schooling are Government agencies like Tertiary Education Trust Fund; Non-governmental organization that is dedicated to such programs (like in some religious bodies); and individually funded programs for such interests. Tuition paid by students is also a source of funding, as well as through public or private partnerships with companies like MTN, and other Telecommunication companies, as part of their corporate responsibilities to society.
You give a very comprehensive list of funding possibilities, Debolina. It is generally healthy for an institution to have multiple sources of funding. May I know if your institution (or some institutions in your country) use such a wide range of funding sources?